Veterinary Clinic Cleaning and Disinfection Protocols

Cleaning protocols and procedures are a vital part of effective infection prevention and control in all healthcare settings. This includes veterinary clinics.

In this post we’ll outline the essential principles of a veterinary clinic cleaning and disinfection protocol.

Please note that this post is just intended to provide a basic introduction to the subject, to give you an overview of what you should include in your veterinary clinic cleaning and disinfection protocol. Also, cleaning protocols are just one of many standard infection control precautions. Read our full guide to standard infection precautions.

Why Do Veterinary Clinics Need Cleaning and Disinfection Protocols?

Infections can spread in any healthcare setting, and veterinary clinics are no exception. Regular and thorough cleaning is a vital part of infection control, as it can remove any pathogens that might linger on surfaces and objects.

Common Healthcare Associated Infections (HAI)

Common healthcare associated infections (HAI) include:

  • Surgical site infections.
  • Clostridium difficile.
  • Colds, Flus, and Covid-19.
  • Veterinary specific infections, including peritonitis and calicivirus.

Read our full guide to healthcare associated infections.

How HAIs Spread

These infections spread in a number of ways. Some can spread as a result of treatments. Others are communicable diseases, which can be spread from person-to-person, or through indirect contact with surfaces and objects containing pathogens.

In veterinary settings, as well as spreading from person-to-person, infections can also spread from person-to-animal, from animal-to-person, and from animal-to-animal.

Veterinary Clinic Cleaning and Disinfection Protocols – Essential Principles

To begin with, make sure that all areas of your veterinary clinic are as well-organised and clear of clutter as possible.

This will improve your operational efficiency, as everyone in your practice will always know where everything is. But it will also help with infection control and cleaning.

The less clutter in your clinic, the less you’ll have to clean. Less clutter also means there’ll be fewer objects on which pathogens can take hold.

Infection Risk Assessment for Veterinary Clinics

Carry out a risk assessment of every area of your veterinary clinic, identifying any areas where infections may be more likely to take hold and spread. High-risk areas include any areas where members of the public gather and share facilities, such as your waiting room, along with all consultation and treatment areas.

You should also carry out a risk assessment for all of your medical equipment. Depending on how and where it’s used, your equipment will either carry a low, medium, or high infection risk. And you’ll have to carry out different decontamination procedures depending on the risk. Read our full guide to the different levels of risk and decontamination for medical equipment.

You should also carry out a risk assessment of any cleaning products and disinfectants you intend to use in your veterinary clinic. This involves ensuring that the products you use won’t damage any delicate equipment, and that they’re safe for use in public areas (e.g., they won’t produce any potentially harmful fumes).

Standard Operating Procedures for Veterinary Clinic Cleaning and Disinfection

Aim to create a standard operating procedure (SOP) regarding your cleaning and disinfection protocols. Your risk assessments will help you create your SOP, as you’ll be able to outline which areas, and which equipment, requires the most care and attention.

The SOP can also advise on the safe and effective use of any cleaning products and disinfectant. For example, you can advise staff on the steps they should take if they accidentally spill a product or splash it in their eyes. You can also advise on the correct storage procedures for your disinfectants, based on the manufacturer’s guidelines.

Overall, your cleaning and disinfection SOP should provide clear guidelines for cleaning and disinfecting every area of your veterinary clinic. Ideally, you could include checklists to help your staff ensure they don’t overlook any key areas or procedures when carrying out their responsibilities.

Make your SOP easily accessible to all members of staff and be sure to review it regularly to ensure it’s still fit for purpose. For example, following an infection outbreak, you should conduct a thorough audit into how the infection started, and how it spread. You may choose to review your SOP based on your findings.

Advanced Infection Control Products for your Veterinary Clinic

We stock a full range of infection control products suitable for use in a veterinary clinic.

Our range includes:

  • Clinic Cleaning Products. Including the Virusolve+ range of one step cleaner, sanitiser, and disinfectant solutions.
  • Washroom Hygiene Supplies. Including automatic hand sanitiser dispensers.
  • Absorbent Mats. For faster and more effective fluid management, to help you reduce infection risks and cleaning times.
  • Spill Kits. For fast and effective responses to potentially hazardous spillages.

Learn more about how we support veterinary clinics to meet their infection prevention and control needs.

2023 Vet Shortage in the UK: Why and What Now?

All healthcare services in the UK are currently facing a number of serious, ongoing issues. Staff shortages and industrial action have resulted in long ambulance waiting times, and there have also been reports of scores of dentists leaving the NHS.

The veterinary sector has faced similar challenges. In this post we’ll discuss the 2023 vet shortage in the UK, examining why it’s happening and exploring what might happen next.

Is There a Vet Shortage in the UK?

The UK’s veterinary workforce relies on overseas registrants to meet required levels, but the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) figures suggest that the annual number of registrants coming to work as vets in the UK fell by 68%, from 1,132 in 2019 to 365 in 2021.

This is a significant proportion of vets in the UK as in 2019, up to 48% of new registrants had graduated outside the UK. The British Veterinary Association, the UK’s largest membership body for vets, has warned of “wide-ranging direct and knock-on impacts across the sector” as a result of severe vet shortages.

Why Is There a Shortage of Vets?

There are three underlying reasons for the UK’s current vet shortage:

  • Brexit – A major reason why the sector saw such a significant drop in overseas registrants is due to the end of free movement that followed Brexit. The process for new vets to apply for work in the UK is a lot more complicated than it was a few years ago, and as a result fewer vets overall are migrating to work in the UK.
  • The Pandemic – New laws throughout the COVID-19 pandemic required vets, nurses, and other staff members to self-isolate whenever they tested positive for the virus. This will have created a significant backlog of care, similar to the crisis the NHS is currently facing. As a result, there are more cases than staff can handle, so many practices across the country have had to close their doors to new pet registrations.
  • A Rise in Pet Ownership – New pet registrations soared during the government’s enforced COVID-19 lockdowns. This will have added even further to vets’ workload, which will have already been stretched to breaking point by the effects of the pandemic.

On top of these three issues, some vets are reporting “relentless calls and constant abuse”. Large numbers of exhausted and burnt-out vets have quit their practices. And given the ongoing problems with the labour market, many practices have struggled to replace them.

How is the Sector Managing the Vet Shortages?

We have seen some initiatives to address the vet shortages across the country.

The RCVS has released an action plan to tackle the vet shortages. Just like other healthcare workers, vets are often required to work long hours at a time multiple days in a row, often up to 60 hours a week. So among the RCVS’s proposals are a move towards more flexible working patterns for vets, nurses, and other staff.

They have also proposed to widen the role that veterinary nurses play. Throughout the pandemic years, veterinary nurses were often forced to step up to take the strain off vets. The RCVS has suggested formalising this expanded role for veterinary nurses, with corresponding pay rises and other compensations.

This action plan may make a difference in the long-term, yet given the current extent of the problem, it may be some time before the industry can properly recover.

Small Things Can Make a Big Difference

In times of crisis, it becomes vitally important that you can make full use of all of your available resources. In short, you need to be able to do more with less. We offer certain specialist solutions that will help you improve your operational efficiency with your current workforce.

For example, our DryMax absorbent mats may not look like much, but when used in your treatment rooms, each mat can absorb up to two litres of all liquids. And even when saturated, an anti-skid barrier layer will keep the mat in place and prevent the fluid from leaking any further.

These specialist absorbent mats reduce the fall risk from wet and slippery floors, and you can quickly and easily dispose of them afterwards. This will significantly reduce the time you spend cleaning between procedures. So you’ll have less down-time, and a considerably faster turnaround time, which may mean you can see more pets each day than before.

At Cairn Technology we can also supply you with the surgical instruments you need to undertake a multitude of surgical procedures on animals. This includes Bergstrom-Stille muscle biopsy cannulas, SuperCut scissors, forceps and retractors.

Get in touch to discuss how our specialist solutions and services can help you improve the operational efficiency in your veterinary practice.